Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood glucose levels, is very high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps in moving your cells to give energy to glucose. Type 1 diabetes
Diabetes: The Basics
Diabetes is a life-long disease that affects your blood glucose, the way it handles one type of sugar.
The condition of most people is type 2. With this, there are approximately 27 million people in the US. Another 86 million have prediabetes: Their blood glucose is not normal, but there is no high diabetes yet.
Diabetes is a disease in which there is a problem of the hormone insulin. Generally, the pancreas (one limb behind the abdomen) releases insulin to store your body and use sugar and fat from the food you eat. Diabetes can occur when the pancreas produces little or no insulin, or when the body does not respond appropriately to insulin. So far, there is no cure. People with diabetes need to manage their illness to stay healthy.
What Causes Diabetes?
Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. This is what makes your cells turn on the glucose you eat in energy. People with Type 2 diabetes make insulin, but their cells do not use it as much as they should. Doctors call it insulin resistance
First of all, the pancreas makes more insulin to try to achieve glucose in the cells. But ultimately it cannot keep, and sugar makes it in your blood instead.
Generally, a combination of things causes type 2 diabetes, including gene. Scientists have found different parts of DNA that affect how your body makes insulin.
Excess weight or obesity can cause insulin resistance, especially if you take your extra pounds in the middle. Now type 2 diabetes affects children and adolescents as well as adults, mainly due to childhood obesity.
People with insulin resistance often have high blood sugar, extra fat around the waist, a group of conditions including high blood pressure and high cholesterol and triglycerides.
Too much glucose from your liver:
When your blood glucose is low, your liver makes glucose and sends it out. After your meal, your blood glucose increases, and usually, the liver will slow down and store its glucose later on. But some people are not liver. They keep cranking out the sugar.
Bad communication between cells:
Sometimes the cells send wrong signals or do not raise the messages correctly. When these problems affect how your cells make and use insulin or glucose, then a chain reaction can lead to diabetes.
Broken beta cells:
If insulin-making cells send out the wrong amount of insulin at the wrong time, your blood glucose stops. High blood sugar can also damage these cells.
Getting a Diagnosis:
Your doctor can test your blood for symptoms of diabetes. Typically, the doctor will examine you on two different days to confirm the diagnosis. But if your blood glucose is too high or you have a lot of symptoms, then a test may be necessary for you.
A1C: This is like the average of your blood glucose in the last 2 or 3 months.
Fasting plasma glucose:
It measures your blood sugar on an empty stomach. You will not eat or drink anything except water for 8 hours before the test.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT): Before you check your blood glucose and after 2 hours you drink sweet drinks to see how your body handles sugar.
Role of Insulin in the Cause of Type 2 Diabetes.
Understand why insulin is important the body uses food for energy
Our body is made up of millions of cells. To make energy, these cells require food in a very simple form. When you eat or drink, most of the food is broken into a simple sugar called “glucose”. Then, glucose is transported through these blood cells into these cells, where it can be used to provide the body energy needed for daily activities.
The amount of glucose in the bloodstream is tightly controlled by insulin and other hormones. Insulin is always released in small quantities by the pancreas. When the amount of glucose in the blood increases to a certain level, the pancreas will release more insulin to push more glucose into the cells. This leads to the level of glucose (blood sugar level) in the blood.
To prevent blood glucose levels from being too low (Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar), the body prompts you to eat and releases some glucose from the shops placed in the liver; It also prompts the body to reduce the amount of insulin.
Risk Factors and Prevention
While some things increase the likelihood of diabetes, they will not give you disease. the more likely you are.
Some things you cannot control
- Age: 45 or older
- Family: A parent, sister, son daughter and brother with diabetes
- Ethnicity: African, American Native American, Hispanic or Latino, or Pacific Islander-American
- Heart and blood vessel disease
- High blood pressure, even if is treated and under control
- Low HDL (“good”) cholesterol
- High triglycerides
- Being overweight or obese
- Having a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds
- Having gestational diabetes while you were pregnant
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Acanthosis nigricans, Skin condition with dark rashes around your neck or armpits
Other risk factors are related to your daily habits and lifestyle. These are those about whom you can actually do something
- Getting little or no exercise
- Sleeping too little or too much
Because you cannot change what happened in the past, focus on what you can do now and move on. Take medicines and follow your doctor’s suggestions to stay healthy. Simple changes at home can also make a big difference.
Reducing your weight by just 7% to 10% can reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes.
Moving mussels use insulin. Moving thirty minutes faster in the day will reduce your risk to about one-third.
Avoid carbs, sugary, drinks, trans, and Limit red and processed meats.
Work with your doctor to avoid weight gain and regular follow your doctor instruction
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can be so light that you do not notice them. In fact, almost 8 million people with whom they do not know it
- Being very thirsty
- Peeing a lot
- Blurry vision
- Being irritable
- Tingling or numbness in hands
- Feeling worn out
- Wounds that don’t heal
- Yeast infections that keep coming back
Over time, high blood sugar can damage your life
- Heart and blood vessels
- Wound healing
Avoid these complications is to manage your diabetes very well:
- Take your doctor instruction, diabetes medications or insulin on time
- Check your blood glucose.
- Eat right, and don’t skip meals.
- Go your doctor regularly to check for early signs of trouble.
Can diabetes kill you?
People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to have heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, hypertension, blindness, nerve damage, and gum disease. … Untreated type 1 diabetes can cause coma. It can kill you too. The good news is that treatments can help you stop these problems.
Can diabetes be reversed?
A radical low-calorie diet can reverse type 2 diabetes, even in the disease, six years, a new study has been found. … A new study from Newcastle and Glasgow University shows that by reducing weight the disease can be reversed so that the sufferers will no longer have to take medicines and remain free of symptoms and risks.
What food is good for diabetics?
- Shirataki Noodles
- Apple Cider Vinegar
- Extra-Virgin Olive Oil
- Greek Yogurt
- Chia Seeds
- Leafy Greens
- Fatty Fish
Which fruit is good for diabetes patient?
Berries – They are a rich source of antioxidants.
They are good for diabetics
How do most diabetics die?
Diabetes Complaint: Nearly 75 percent of cardiovascular diseases and stroke diabetes die from heart disease or stroke, and they die less than those who do not have diabetes. The rate of cardiovascular disease is two to four times higher than in adults without diabetes.
How to manage your diabetes, you need to do the following instruction
- Manage your blood sugar levels……..
- Plan what you eat at each meal……..
- Bring healthy snacks with you……..
- Exercise regularly…….
- Keep up with your medical appointments……
- Weight Loss Surgery……